The 6th General Assembly
The Sixth Committee of the General Assembly(GA6 or C6), also known as the Legal Committee is a legal forum and the primary unit for deliberation and consideration of international law and legal matters that arise in the world. The Charter of the United Nations states that the General Assembly has the authority to “make recommendations for the purpose of… encouraging the enhancement of progressive development of international law and its codification.”
The GA6 interprets this as an authority to draft International treaty frameworks and submits them to the committee and with a vote of a simple majority adopts the framework. The resolution to establish the treaty is then put forward to the Security Council.. Common agenda topics discussed by the Sixth committee include but are not limited to: the promotion of justice and international law, accountability and justice matters of the UN, the control of illicit substances, prevention and reduction of crime, and international terrorism.
As it is one of the main six committees of the General Assembly, all member states are entitled to representation during its proceedings. The documents devised by C6 only require a simple majority i. e. 51% to pass, however the Legal Committee is subject to its own rules of procedure, as declared in Article 21 of the UN Charter. The Committee often meets in Ad Hoc and adopts draft resolutions without a vote. The legal committee draft International treaty frameworks and submits them to the committee and with a vote of a simple majority adopts the framework. The resolution to establish the treaty is then put forward to the Security Council.
The Vienna Conventions (law of treaties and diplomatic relations specifically) and the UN charter are pivotal to the operation of the 6th committee.. We hope that all delegates are enthusiastic about international legal affairs. A delegate who questions the reasoning and premise of policy of states will win the day!